New national park "Bikin" is created in the Russian Federation (Primorsky Kray)
A decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, developed by The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment was signed on the 3rd of November, 2015.
As the head of the Ministry of Natural Resources Sergey Donskoy mentioned, new national park is created in planned time, it will keep the key habitat of the Amur tiger. According to him, "Bikin" will be the largest protected area in the south of the Far East; its territory will cover more than 1.16 million ha. "Bikin" National Park is located on the only one pristine forest on the west of the Sikhote-Alin macro slope - the key habitats of the Amur tiger.
The territory of the park inhabited by 51 species of mammals (moose, wild boar, roe deer, red deer, musk deer, tiger, brown and Himalayan bears, sable, mink, muskrat, etc.), and 194 species of birds. In the national park there are habitats of species from the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation like black stork, mandarin duck, merganser, spruce grouse, osprey, white-tailed eagle, buzzard hawk, fish owl, brown hawk-owl and others.
In "Bikin" 7 species of amphibians and 10 species of reptiles dwell, many of which are on the border of their habitat, and its fish fauna includes 26 species.
On the site of the new park there are unique natural complexes of large tracts of cedar-broadleaf forests in the middle and upper reaches of the Bikin River. Outstanding universal value of the Bikin River basin has been confirmed by experts of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). In 2010 this woodland as a part of a natural object "Bikin River Valley" was included in the provisional list of the UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site on the basis of the requests of the Russian side.
According to the Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment of Russia, Rinat Gizatulin, the creation of "Bikin" is a significant event for the whole nature conservation: "Such a large national park, protected such a huge natural areas is established for the first time in last decades" - he stressed.
In addition to the exceptional nature conservation value, the significance of the new national park is that the preservation of the forest is very important for the fate of the indigenous inhabitants of the Bikin River Basin - Udeghes and Nanai practicing traditional land use (hunting, fishing, harvesting pine nuts). And exactly undisturbed natural complexes determine the possibility of the traditional land use and preserving the cultural heritage of indigenous people.
As it was explained by R. Gizatulin, in the nearest future the Ministry of Russia will develop regulations for the national park taking into account the interests of the indigenous people living in the "Bikin".
Now Russian network of protected areas includes 49 national parks. Over the past 10 years the Ministry of Russia with the participation of environmental and scientific organizations created 13 national parks.
The network of federal protected areas account 103 national nature reserves, 49 national parks and 68 sanctuaries. Their total area is 59.48 million hectares, including land with inland waters - 48.66 million hectares (2.84% of the territory of Russia).
Information message of the press service of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Russia