Day of National Nature Reserves and National Parks
On the 11th of January Russia celebrates the Day of National Nature Reserves and National Parks. It started to be celebrated in 1997, after the big celebration of the 80th anniversary of publication of a Decree on the establishment of the country's first National Nature Reserve. Precisely on the 11th of January in 1917 (New Style) the first in Russia Barguzinsky National Nature Reserve was created. Festival, held in Moscow in the framework of the World Wildlife Fund's project together with other non-profit organizations, was remembered and subsequently became the annual holiday, despite the fact that it had not received an official status.
Over the past 100 years, the system of protected areas in Russia has greatly modified and expanded: today in Russia there are 103 Reserves and 49 National Parks, 64 Sanctuaries and 17 Nature Monuments. The role of protected areas in preservation of the environment is enormous, because the most important for the conservation of biological and landscape diversity natural complexes and objects are located precisely in the protected areas of federal level, and conditions for their preservation are optimal precisely there.
In recent years, federal PAs system is developing dynamically - new protected areas are creating, existing ones are improving. The youngest to date National Nature Reserve "Shaitan-Tau" was created in 2014 in the Orenburg region, and the youngest National Park "Chikoy" appeared in November, 2015. According to the Concept of development of protected areas of federal level in the period up to 2020, approved by the Government of Russia in December, 2011, 11 new National Nature Reserves, 20 National Parks and 3 Federal Sanctuaries will be created during this period.
Today, on the 11th of January, we congratulate all readers with the Day of National Nature Reserves and National Parks, and especially our colleagues working on PAs, with PAs and for the good of PAs!